The role of agricultural real estate of State Treasury in shaping the agrarian structure in the warmińsko-mazurskie province.
Marcin BąkKrajowy Ośrodek Wsparcia Rolnictwa OT Olsztyn
AbstractThe process of ownership transformations in the state sector of agriculture covered over 4,7 millions of ha (19,8% of farm lands in Poland) with its scope, which were taken over from the Resources of State-owned Agricultural Property between 1992-2017 mainly from the state-owned agricultural households, PFZ and other titles. From the taken over lands, about 18% (808,6 thous. ha) included lands located in the warmińsko-mazurskie province, coming mainly from 270 former PGRs /state collective farm/ the participation of which in the structure amounted to 84,8%. The purpose of the research was the identification of the influence of ownership transformations in the state agricultural sector on shaping the agrarian structure in the warmińsko-mazurskie province. The issue was analysed, i.a., on the basis of the data from reports of the Agency of Farm Property for the year from 1992 to 2017, the data of the statistical yearbooks GUS / Chief Statistical Office / selected positions of the thematic literature, data from the economic register KWR and legal acts. A significant influence on the changes in agrarian structure was affected by adopted formal-legal solutions, economic-financial situation of the PGRs being taken over as somehow conditioning the pace of taking over and preparing as well as the scope, level, forms as dynamics of developing the agricultural state-owned real estate. As a result of the process of managing the WRSP Resources, a participation of the private sector in the structure of ownership increased nearly 1,9-times, i.e. from 48,6 % in 1992 to about 90% in 2017. The analyses made indicate that in the warmińsko-mazurskie as a result of the activity conducted, there were 354, 1 thous. ha of lands permanently managed by means of sale, and on the basis of 11,9% of the agreements concluded for the plots with the area above 20 ha it covered 78,0% of the lands acquired both by natural and legal persons. Statistical data indicates that to the main extent, on these lands there could have been 9,0 thousands of farm households established with the area above of 50 ha. The processes of ownership transformations were accompanies also by the processes of reducing a number of farm households (from 57,6 thousands in 2002 to 42,0 thousands in 2016) with an increase of nearly 1.6 times of average area of individual farm households of concentration i.e. 14,0 ha in 2002 to 22,07 ha in 2016.
Individual farm householdsabove 1 ha
Keywords:management, farm households of State Treasury, agrarian structure
JaworowskiJ.(1999), Ownership transformations in agriculture, UWM Publishing, Olsztyn.
Kozłowska-Burdziak M. (2006), Institutional conditions for ownership transformation of state-owned farm households in Poland between 1992-2002, Publishing of the University in Białystok, Białystok.
Kurowska K., Ogryzek K., Kryszk H., 2016, Role of the Agency of Agricultural Real estate in managing and shaping the rural areas. Publishing UWM Olsztyn,
Marks-Bielska R., Kisiel R. (2003), Village and agriculture in the period of system transformation (1989-2000) taking especially into account the transformation of state agriculture, Publishing MALT-ART-GRAF Jezierski, Olsztyn.
Marks-Bielska R., Woźniak D. (2009) Ownership transformations in the sector of state agriculture [w:] R. Kisiel, R. Marks-Bielska (ed.), Changes in Polish economy in the period of system transformation (1989-2007), Publishing MAL-ART-GRAF Jezierski, Olsztyn.
Mioduszewski J. (2012), Durability of managingState farm property, „Roczniki Naukowe SERiA”, Publishing Wieś Jutra, Warszawa, v. XIV, b. 3.
Ogryzek M., Cymerman R., Kurowska K., Kryszk H., 2014, Analysis of changes in the ownership structure of the organized farm households form the resources of ANR OT Olsztyn, Sustained and multi-functional development of rural areas, publishing UWM, Olsztyn
Rzeszutek J. Komar Z. (1999), Economic-social effects of ownership transformations of rural areas of Warmia and Mazury region [w:] E. Niedzielski (ed.), Conditions of development of economic entrepreneurship in rural areas in the context of the European integrity., Publishing UWM, Olsztyn.
The Act of 19th of October 1991 on managing agricultural State-owned real estate – J. of L. No. 140/2015, it. 1014, as amended.
The Act of 11th of April 2003on shaping farm system - J. of L. of 2012 it. 803, of 2016 it. 585, 1159)
The Act of 10th of February 2017 on National Centre of Agricultural Support (J. of L. 2017 it. 623)
The Act of 23rd of April 1964 - Civil Code – J. of L 1964 no. 16 it.. 93
Spychalski G. (1999), Transformations of state agriculture in Poland in the period of system transformation (1990-1998), Publishing AR in Szczecin, Szczecin.
Report on the activity of the National Centre of Agricultural Support in 2017 (including Agency of Agricultural Market and Agency of Agricultural Real Estate in the period from 1st of January to 31st of August 2017, Warsaw 2018
Wyszkowska Z. (2000), Economic and social problems of the households and post-PGR areas [w:] S. Łojewski, Z. Skinder (ed.), Problems of development of agriculture and rural areas in the kujawsko-pomorskie province. Synthesis of research and directions of actions, University Publishing of Technical-Agricultural Academy, Bydgoszcz.
Copyright (c) 2019 Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.