Transformation of cultural landscape of Cyprus


Over the past several decades, the coastal regions of the Republic of Cyprus have changed mainly under the influence of tourism. At that time, traditional rural areas were gradually transformed, among others by migration of inhabitants to cities. In these areas, the traditional rural landscape has lost its original character and the rhythm imposed by farming. The forms lost their function, and villages as well as small towns were depopulated. The abandoned farms, which are visible in the landscape, and the progressive succession in formerly used agricultural areas, are signs of the loss of cultural heritage and tradition. The development of the tourism industry is being generated today by mass tourism. There are large scale hotel facilities, not adapted to the character of the place. Issues related to changes in the landscape and various forms of isolation (tourist isolation, social isolation) are the basis for the discussions. The aim of the work is to analyze the current state of cultural landscape in selected areas of the southern part of Cyprus. To determine the degree of landscape transformation, available source materials (current and archival), field analyzes and interview were used. The research allowed to determine the factors affecting changes and the degree of transformation of the cultural landscape. The most important factors of changes include the marginalization of rural areas, population migration to cities, progressive suburbanization and the development of mass tourism.


cultural landscape; rural areas; tourism; Republic of Cyprus cultural landscape; rural areas; tourism; Republic of Cyprus

Agapiou, A., Alexakis, D. D., Lysandroub, V., Sarris, A., Cuca, B., Themistocleous, K., Hadjimitsisa, D. G. (2015). Impact of urban sprawl to cultural heritage monuments: The case study of Paphos area in Cyprus, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 16, 671–680.   Google Scholar

Baldacchino, G. (2013). Island landscapes and European culture: An ‘island studies’ perspective, Journal of Marine and Island Cultures, 2, 13–19.   Google Scholar

Boukas, N., Ziakas, V. (2016). Tourism policy and residents' well-being in Cyprus: Opportunities and challenges for developing an inside-out destination management approach, Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 5, 44–54.   Google Scholar

Delipetrou, P., Makhzoumi, J., Dimopoulos, P., Georghiou, K. (2008). Cyprus. In: Mediterranean Island Landscapes, Vogiatzakis, et al. (ed.), Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 107-202.   Google Scholar

Dielemans, J. (2011). Witajcie w raju. Reportaże o przemyśle turystycznym. (Welcome to paradise. Report from tourism industry) Wyd. Czarne, Wołowiec.   Google Scholar

Evans, J.D. (1973). Islands as laboratories of culture change. In: The Explanation of Culture Change: Models in Prehistory, Renfrew C (ed.), University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, USA, 517–520.   Google Scholar

Gehl, J., Gemzoe, L. (1996). Public Spaces and Public Life, Danish Architectural Press, Copenhagen.   Google Scholar

Hill, J. (1996). Social Isolation and Sociocultural Diversity, Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 19 (2), 157-169.   Google Scholar

Karouzis, G. (1976). Proposals for a Solution to the Cyprus Problem, COSMOS Press, Nikosia.   Google Scholar

Kliot, N., Mansfield, Y. (1997). The political landscape of partition. The case of Cyprus. Political Geography, 16, 6, 495-521.   Google Scholar

Lisowski, A. (2014). Typy przestrzeni, a geografia (Types of a space vs. geography). Prace Komisji Krajobrazu Kulturowego, 24, 7-18.   Google Scholar

Makhzoumi, J., Pungetti, G. (1999). Ecological Landscape Design and Planning. The Mediterranean Context.   Google Scholar

E & FN Spon, London.   Google Scholar

Myga-Piątek, U. (2001). Spór o pojęcie krajobrazu w geografii i dziedzinach pokrewnych. (A dispute about the concept of landscape in geography and related Fields) Przegląd Geograficzny, 73, 1-2.   Google Scholar

Myga-Piątek, U. (2014). O wzajemnych relacjach przestrzeni i krajobrazu kulturowego. Rozważania wstępne. (On the mutual relations of space and cultural landscape) Prace Komisji Krajobrazu Kulturowego, 24, 27-44.   Google Scholar

Naveh, Z. (1975). Degradation and Rehabilitation of Mediterranean Landscapes. Landscape Planning, 2, 133–146.   Google Scholar

Papadopoulou, E., Papalexiou, Ch. (2008). Country profile on rural characteristics Cyprus In: Project Assessing the Impact of Rural Development Policies (RuDI), FP 7 Project no. 213034.   Google Scholar

Patrick, R.A. (1976). Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict 1963-1971. University of Waterloo, Department of Geography Publications Series No 4, Waterloo, Canada.   Google Scholar

Pungetti, G. (2012). Islands, culture, landscape and seascape, Journal of Marine and Island Cultures, 1, 51–54.   Google Scholar

Rackham, O. (2012). Island landscapes: Some preliminary questions. Journal of Marine and Island Cultures 1, 87–90.   Google Scholar

Thirgood, J.V. (1987). Cyprus, a Chronicle of its Forests, Land, and People. University of British Columbia Press: Vancouver, UK, 371.   Google Scholar

Vogiatzakis, I.N., Manolaki, P., Zomeni, M, Trigkas, V., Papatheodoulou, A., Christou, O., Michael, K., Victora, M. (2015). Assessing the ecological integrity of landscapes in Cyprus. Journal of Mediterranean Ecology, 13, 29-35.   Google Scholar


Cited by

Jaszczak, A. (2019). Transformation of cultural landscape of Cyprus. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum, 18(3), 265–273.

Agnieszka Jaszczak


Copyright (c) 2019 Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.