Published: 2020-11-101

The standard of living and its spatial differentiation among rural municipalities in Warmia-Masuria province

Marcin Janusz
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum
Section: Articles


This manuscript presents the results of the research on the spatial differentiation of the level of living among the rural municipalities of the Warmia-Masuria Province in the years 2005 and 2018. The rural areas are currently undergoing many changes, including sub-urbanisation processes and a departure from their monofunctional perception. The multi-dimensional analysis (Hellwig’s development pattern method) was used to measure the level of living in selected rural municipalities. Then, the Ward’s method was employed to identify the similarities in the level of living in these territorial units. The results indicate a significantly higher level of living established based on the synthetic measure value in the municipalities adjacent to the leading urban centres of the region, i.e., Stawiguda or Dywity. In turn, the relatively lowest living standards were demonstrated in the municipalities bordering the Russian Federation. Strong spatial dispersion of this phenomenon, combined with the petrification of the positions at the top and at the bottom of the ranking, indicates the need to implement a different development strategy for these specific units. The implementation of the Smart Village concept, facilitating the sustainable development of rural areas, as well as extensive cooperation of local government leaders with experts and scientists may offer practical solutions in this regard.


level of living, regional diversification, rural areas, multidmensional analysis

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Janusz, M. (2020). The standard of living and its spatial differentiation among rural municipalities in Warmia-Masuria province. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum, 19(4).

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