Published: 2022-05-181

Integrating the biophilia physiognomies in the context of Neom smart city in Saudi Arabia

Mohammed A. M. Alhefnawi
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum
Section: Articles


Motives: As the number of research studies of people in urban areas grows in terms of the criteria impacting the health and effectiveness of individuals, the detrimental effects caused by living apart from natural elements become more visible. There is inadequate data for a program that integrates both biophilic design and smart cities tactics. Smart city concerned about energy and resource utilization and utilize digital technologies to adjust resource consumption. It seldom discusses environmental sustainability. However, the biophilic design seeks to provide people with better life quality through a functional interconnection with nature. Digital expertise may prompt biophilic retorts via simulated methods.

Aim: The study reconnoiters the significance of the biophilic ideologies to the city’s development. It integrates biophilic urban design in Neom city to overcome gaps in ecosystems’ health associated with traditional urban design.

Result: The study proposes integrating biophilic elements at small and large scales. It explains each element within proposed projects and examples of Neom city’s design schemes to incubate these elements.


Biophilia, Biophilic Patterns, Neom City, Urban Design

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Alhefnawi, M. A. M. (2022). Integrating the biophilia physiognomies in the context of Neom smart city in Saudi Arabia. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum, 21(2), 159–171.

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