Published: 2023-06-161

An analysis of Baghdad’s masterplans based on the development of green areas

Firas Majeed , Zaynab Abaas
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum
Section: Articles


Motives: Baghdad is the capital city and an important political, administrative, social, cultural and economic centre of Iraq. Baghdad’s growth and development has been significantly influenced by efforts to accommodate various needs of its steadily growing population. Uncontrolled population and urban growth have exerted negative effects in numerous dimensions, including environmental sustainability because urban expansion occurred in green spaces within the city and the surrounding areas.
Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the planning solutions in Baghdad’s green areas in the past and at present, and to identify the key changes in the city’s green areas, including changes in the ratio of green urban spaces to the total area of the city. Comprehensive urban development plans for Baghdad were analysed; the main solutions addressing urban green spaces were discussed; the advantages and disadvantages of previous and present urban development plans were examined, and the percentage of green urban spaces in Baghdad was investigated based on drafts of the city’s comprehensive development plans.
Results: Baghdad’s Masterplan pays considerable attention to the development and preservation of urban green spaces which exert profound effects on the climate, the local environment, the city’s aesthetic and recreational value, and its social and economic development. The previous and present masterplans share numerous priorities with the aim of improving the city’s environmental and ecological health.


Green Areas, Comprehensive Development Plans, Baghdad City plans

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Majeed, F., & Abaas , Z. (2023). An analysis of Baghdad’s masterplans based on the development of green areas. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum, 22(2), 193–208.

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