Conditions analysis for the use of the Napoleonic Code as a basis for the entry in the land and mortgage register of the ownership right to the state treasury


Abstract

The Napoleonic Code was introduced in France in 1804 by Napoleon Bonaparte and was also valid for part of the Polish lands between May 1, 1808 and December 31, 1946. The Code provided for the presumption of state ownership for all lands with unsettled legal status. According to art. 713 of the Napoleonic Code, goods that do not have an owner belong to the state. In its resolution of June 27, 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that the provisions of the Napoleonic Code may constitute an independent basis for making an entry in the land and mortgage register of the ownership right to the State Treasury. To this day, a large part of real estate in Poland has an unregulated legal status. This phenomenon also applies to State Treasury lands, which is why allowing the regulation of the legal status of real estate on the basis of the Napoleonic Code by a resolution of the Supreme Court gives the local government units a potential chance to regulate the legal status of many properties. This article analyzes the case law of the Supreme Court in order to indicate the documents necessary to make an entry of the ownership right in the land and mortgage register based on Art. 713 of the Napoleonic Code for the benefit of the State Treasury.


Keywords

Napoleonic code; land and mortgage register; regulation of state legal status of state lands Napoleonic code; land and mortgage register; regulation of state legal status of state lands

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Published
2019-09-29

Cited by

Kwartnik-Pruc, A., & Mączyńska, A. (2019). Conditions analysis for the use of the Napoleonic Code as a basis for the entry in the land and mortgage register of the ownership right to the state treasury. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum, 18(3), 285–295. https://doi.org/10.31648/aspal.4189

Anita Kwartnik-Pruc 
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7891-2988
Aneta Mączyńska 
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7632-5264






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