The Use of Literature and Songs from Varying Cultures in Węgajty Theatre’s "Kalevala; fragmenty niepisane"

Trevor Hill

University of Warmia-Mazury in Olsztyn


Despite being produced and performed in 2000–2001, Projekt Terenowy Węgajty’s theatrical production Kalevala; fragmenty niepisane has received practically no academic attention in the study of Polish Theatre. This article seeks to partly redress this by examining the use of German, Russian and Ukrainian folk songs in the production. The article examines the work against the group’s earlier projects, which used a selection of Polish and European literature and music, as well as exploring the background behind the production and how songs from various cultures and languages were used to illustrate the Finnish epic. The article concludes by considering how effective the strategies were.

Słowa kluczowe:

European literature, folk song, Kalevala, Polish Theatre, Węgajty

Instytucje finansujące

Economic Social Research Council (ESRC)

Arrowsmith, N. (1977), A Field Guide to the Little People. London: Pan Books.   Google Scholar

Asplund, A. (1995), Rune Songs from Finland, Karelia and Ingria (sleevenotes to CD “The Kalevala Heritage”). Helsinki: Ondine & Folklore Archives of the Finnish Literature Society: 22–31.   Google Scholar

Borkowski, P. (2001), Po co Kalevala? Portret 12: 143–145.   Google Scholar

Bosley, K. (1989), Introduction. In: Lonrott, E., The Kalevala. Oxford: Oxford University Press: xiii–liv.   Google Scholar

Geleta, D. (2022), Mavki and Rusalki: Mermaids of Eastern Europe. Merry Meet Magazine. Journal of Folklore and Pagan Heritage 73, (Midsummer 2022): 7–11.   Google Scholar

Górski, K. (2001), Donżuan tysiąca jezior. Gazeta Morska (8. September).   Google Scholar

Hasiuk-Świerzbińska, M./Kocemba-Żebrowska, J. (2021), The Węgajty Theatre: From Collectivity to Participation. Contemporary Theatre Review 85: 81–90. DOI: 10.1080/10486801.2021.2007898.   Google Scholar

Hill, T. (2014a). Teatr Wiejski Węgajty: Travelling Theatre, the Urban and the Rural. Ethnoanthropozoom 11: 41–61.   Google Scholar

Hill, T. (2014b) Winter Carolling with Teatr Wiejski “Węgajty”. Context: Review for Comparative Literature and Cultural Research 12.   Google Scholar

Hill, T. (2017), The Borders of Reception: Differing expectations and reactions to the work of Teatr Wiejski “Węgajty” in Various Locations. Regiony i Pogranicza 5: 160–173.   Google Scholar

Jasińska, M. (2012), Teatr Wiejski jako teatr antropologiczny. W: Duda, A/Adamiszyn, E./Oleszek, B. (red.), Polski teatr alternatywny po 1989 roku z perspektywy Academickich/Alternatywnych Spotkań Teatralnych Klamra. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK: 219–235.   Google Scholar

Kallio, K. (2017), Literary Kalevala-Metre and Hybrid Poetics in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Finland. Folklore. Electronic Journal of Folklore 67/1: 13–48. [accessed: 11.12.2022].   Google Scholar, H./Sihvoof, H. (1985), The Kalevala: an Epic of Finland and All Mankind. Helsinki: Finnish-American Cultural Institute.   Google Scholar

Lonrott, E. (1989 [1849]), The Kalevala. Trans. Bosley, K. Oxford: Oxford University Press.   Google Scholar

Mrówka, D. (2001), Piąty Krąg wtajemniczenia. Gazeta Wyborcza (23. November).   Google Scholar

Pajda, L. (2003), Rola Teatru Wiejskiego “Węgajty” w życiu kulturalnym społeczności lokalnych: Unpublished Master’s Dissertation: UAM Poznań.   Google Scholar

Szyłłejko, T. (2001), Mit w pigułce. Gazeta Wyborcza (29. January): 4.   Google Scholar

Walesiak, I. (2001), Mroczny oddech Fina. Portret 12: 140‒141.   Google Scholar

Waśko, S. (2001), Świat zabobonów. Gazeta Toruńska (13. March): 13‒14.   Google Scholar

Zaczkowski, P. (2000), Projekt Terenowy. Gość Niedzielny. Śląsk edition (November): 18.   Google Scholar

2023-06-23 — zaktualizowane 2023-07-06

Cited By /

Hill, T. (2023). The Use of Literature and Songs from Varying Cultures in Węgajty Theatre’s "Kalevala; fragmenty niepisane". Acta Neophilologica, 1(XXV), 51–69. (Original work published 23 czerwiec 2023)

Trevor Hill 
University of Warmia-Mazury in Olsztyn