An introduction to cognitive linguistic analysis of novel name-based derivatives in the current political discourse in Poland

Iwona Góralczyk

Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2845-7267

Joanna Paszenda

Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6741-0579


Abstract

The present contribution provides a theoretical and methodological background for
an analysis of novel suffixal derivatives that are based on proper names and function
in the current political discourse in Poland. We delineate the most important assumptions
behind a cognitive linguistic approach to word-formation, focusing particularly on one
of the models within this paradigm, namely Construction Morphology. It has been demonstrated that complex words and abstract word-formation patterns can be viewed
as constructions, which may be polysemous, and whose meanings may be motivated by
metonymy and metaphor. It is also demonstrated that conceptual metonymy motivates the
process of conversion, clipping and various types of morphological truncation. However,
suffixal derivation is potentially metonymic only if the base morpheme or the suffix exhibit
extended senses, or if a semantic shift applies to the derivative as a whole.


Keywords:

name-based derivative, morphological construction, motivation, metonymy, metaphor, neologism, occasionalism

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Published
2020-07-30

Cited by

Góralczyk, I., & Paszenda, J. (2020). An introduction to cognitive linguistic analysis of novel name-based derivatives in the current political discourse in Poland. Papers in Linguistics, 22(3), 91–113. https://doi.org/10.31648/pj.5718

Iwona Góralczyk 
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2845-7267
Joanna Paszenda 
Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6741-0579



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