He who has ears, let him hear… On pragmatic added value in phraseological units about listening from the perspective of axiological linguistics

Tomasz Żurawlew

Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie:


Abstract

The article is devoted to the image of language users’ experiences with listening that is set
in phraseological units in German. Using the tools of axiological linguistics, the author
attempts to answer questions such as: what convictions about the essence of listening are
encoded in phraseological units about speech situations, what expectations of the speaker
towards their interlocutor(s) are manifested in the examined phrasemes, which criterion
is adopted in attributing values to the attitude of listening/not listening, and, finally,
what role the phrasemes that encode axiological valuation of both attitudes may perform
in interpersonal communication. Special attention is paid to the perlocutionary effects
of the axiological potential carried by the examined phraseological units. The conclusion
that is drawn is that the phrasemes reflect social valuation and some of them may be used
in restrictive communication. Furthermore, it appears that the experience of listening
encoded in German phraseological units has three semantic variants: an affective reaction
of the listener to the content of the speaker’s utterance; an attitude of not paying sufficient
attention to the speaker’s message, which can thus destabilize speaker-hearer relations;
and, finally, a communicative attitude of obedience.


Keywords:

the experience of listening in phraseological units, communication act, positive valuation, negative valuation, axiological linguistics

Anusiewicz J., Dąbrowska A., Fleischer M. (2000): Językowy obraz świata i kultura. Projekt koncepcji badawczej [Sprachliches Weltbild und Kultur. Zum Projekt der Forschungskonzeption]. „Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis”. Band 13, S. 11–44.   Google Scholar

Bartmiński J. (2012a): Der Begriff des sprachlichen Weltbildes und die Methoden seiner Operationalisierung. „Text und Diskurs“ 5, S. 261–289.   Google Scholar

Bartmiński J. (2012b): Językowe podstawy obrazu świata [Sprachliche Grundlagen des Weltbildes]. Lublin.   Google Scholar

Buber M. (1962): Ich und Du. [In:] Werke. Bd. 1. München, S. 77–170.   Google Scholar

Burger H. (2007): Phraseologie. Eine Einführung am Beispiel des Deutschen. Berlin.   Google Scholar

Cegieła A. (2014): Słowa i ludzie. Wprowadzenie do etyki słowa [Worte und Menschen. Einführung in die Kommunikationsethik]. Warszawa.   Google Scholar

Fojt T. (2007): Aksjologiczny aspekt metaforyzacji [Zum axiologischen Aspekt der Metaphorizität]. [In:] Antynomie wartości. Problematyka aksjologiczna w językoznawstwie [Antinomien der Werte. Die axiologische Problematik in der Sprachwissenschaft].   Google Scholar

A. Oskiera (Hrsg.). Łódź, S. 251–264.   Google Scholar

Fries N. (1992): Wartościowanie. Aspekty językowe i pojęciowe (Bewerten. Linguistische und konzeptuelle Aspekte). [In:] Sprachliche Bewertung polnisch und deutsch / Wartościowanie w języku i tekście na materiale polskim i niemieckim. G. Falkenberg, N. Fries, J. Puzynina (Hrsg.). Warszawa, S. 25–44.   Google Scholar

Hindelang G. (2010): Einführung in die Sprechakttheorie. Sprechakte, Äußerungsformen, Sprechaktsequenzen. Berlin–New York.   Google Scholar

Kühn P. (1994): Pragmatische Phraseologie: Konsequenzen für die Phraseographie und Phraseodidaktik. [In:] Europhras 92 – Tendenzen der Phraseologieforschung. B. Sandig (Hrsg.). Bochum, S. 411–428.   Google Scholar

Puzynina J. (1992): Język wartości [Zur Sprache der Werte]. Warszawa.   Google Scholar

Puzynina J. (2013): O problemach wartościowania w języku i tekście [Zu den Problemen des Bewertens in Sprache und Text]. [In:] Eadem: Wartości i wartościowanie w perspektywie językoznawstwa [Werte und Bewerten in der Perspektive der Sprachwissenschaft]. Kraków, S. 111−121.   Google Scholar

Puzynina J. (1991): Jak pracować nad językiem wartości [Wie sollte man an der bewertenden Sprache arbeiten]. [In:] Język a kultura. Zagadnienia leksykalne i aksjologiczne [Sprache und Kultur. Lexikalische und axiologische Fragen]. Bd. 2. J. Puzynina, J. Bartmiński   Google Scholar

(Hrsg.). Wrocław, S. 129–137.   Google Scholar

Sapir E. (1978): Kultura, język, osobowość. Wybrane eseje [Kultur, Sprache, Persönlichkeit. Ausgewählte Essays]. Warszawa.   Google Scholar

Simon W. (2004): GABALs großer Methodenkoffer. Grundlagen der Kommunikation. Offenbach.   Google Scholar

Torralba Rosellό F. (2007): Die Kuns des Zuhörens. München.   Google Scholar

Zühlke S. (1992): Sprachliche Wertung im Deutschen. Probleme der Linguistischen Beschreibung. [In:] Sprachliche Bewertung polnisch und deutsch / Wartościowanie w języku i tekście na materiale polskim i niemieckim. G. Falkenberg, N. Fries, J. Puzynina   Google Scholar

(Hrsg.). Warszawa, S. 73–99.   Google Scholar

Zillig W. (1982): Bewerten. Sprechakttypen der bewertenden Rede. Tübingen.   Google Scholar

Żurawlew T. (2020): Zur Spezifität des Bewertens der Sprechsituation in ausgewählten phraseologischen Wortverbindungen. „Prace Językoznawcze“ XXII/2, S. 235–249.   Google Scholar


Published
2022-03-31

Cited by

Żurawlew, T. (2022). He who has ears, let him hear… On pragmatic added value in phraseological units about listening from the perspective of axiological linguistics. Prace Językoznawcze, 24(1), 203–217. https://doi.org/10.31648/pj.7608

Tomasz Żurawlew 
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie:



License

Copyright (c) 2022 Prace Językoznawcze

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Access to the electronic edition of the journal is open (open access). It does not require any fees, logging in or providing personal data. Every person, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, nationality, faith or political opinion, may read articles published in "Prace Językoznawcze", download versions of texts in PDF file format, identical to the printed version, and submit for publication texts of their authorship, concerning linguistic issues and meeting editorial substantive and editorial requirements and academic ethical standards binding in science.

Authors of texts may place PDF files with their texts or the entire issue of a journal on scientific Internet portals, indicating the source of the text. The number of PDF files to be used is unlimited. It is forbidden to use the texts commercially or to derive material benefits from them. The Editorial Board has the right to publish the received texts in printed and electronic editions and to disseminate their entirety as well as abstracts and keywords on the website of the journal, the publishing platform of the University of Warmia and Mazury, in printed editions and in Internet scientific databases.