A polemic approach to pragmatic qualifiers in dictionaries of the Polish language

Mariola Wołk

Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie


The article discusses the problem of selecting pragmatic qualifiers in general dictionaries
of the Polish language, focusing in particular on the issue of verifiability of hypotheses
which are the basis for a particular qualification of the usage scope of a given expression.
A research sample used to formulate the problems and propose correspondent solutions
consists of pragmatic descriptions of 20 expressions whose meanings are close to or identical
with the word kobieta [Eng. woman] (in relation to gender). The expressions were
excerpted from six most recognized dictionaries of contemporary Polish. Their analysis
allows one to formulate both detailed conclusions as well as outlining fundamental general
problems. The latter include, among others, issues related to the criterion of selecting
qualifiers, the principles of their possible combination or their usage scope (especially the
abbreviation książk. [Eng. literary]). The analysis is concluded with an attempt to solve some of the problems, including proposals for testing some lexicographic hypotheses.
However, by no means are they to be seen as complete and final solutions.


linguistic intuition, pragmatics, lexicography, dictionary qualifiers

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Cited by

Wołk, M. (2022). A polemic approach to pragmatic qualifiers in dictionaries of the Polish language. Prace Językoznawcze, 24(1), 71–84. https://doi.org/10.31648/pj.7598

Mariola Wołk 
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie


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