General principles

Honest research requires that everyone involved adheres to the high standards of academic practice in the given field. To ensure the integrity and scientific quality of the papers published in “Prace Literaturoznawcze” annual, as well as to eliminate unethical practices, the editorial board in the process of publication follows recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics procedures, guidelines of the “Ethics in Research and Publication” Elsevier programme and guidelines of the Ministry of Education and Science, the Code of Good Practice for Scientific Publications by UNESCO and the Code of the National Centre for Research with regard to the integrity of research and the application for funds for the research purposes.

Rules for authors

The principle of integrity should be respected at every stage of research, concerning the hypotheses put forward, the methods used, the analyses carried out, the transparent and accurate presentation and interpretation of results. Therefore, the editors would like to inform you that they will not allow publication if an author fails to meet these requirements, and will notify the unit indicated in the affiliation of the incident if the detected suspicions of scientific unreliability are confirmed. If the suspicions identified are confirmed, evidence of dishonest practices will be documented and archived by the editors.

In order to prevent cases of scientific dishonesty, such as ghostwriting, i.e. the failure to disclose the contribution of others to the creation of the publication, and guest authorship, i.e. attributing the contribution of others to the creation of the publication, although it was insignificant or did not take place at all, editors require disclosure of the contribution of individual authors to the creation of the publication (including their affiliation and contribution, i.e. information on who authored the concept of the publication). The author submitting an article to the thematic editor of a given volume and/or to the editorial board bears primary responsibility for their content.

The journal editors warn against passing off another person’s work or idea as your own, i.e. plagiarism.

It is also unacceptable to submit an article to more than one journal or publisher at the same time, or to submit to “Prace Literaturoznawcze an article that has already been published. Should this situation be discovered, the editors will not publish an article that has already been submitted, even if it has received positive reviews.

In order to prevent such unfair practices, all authors are required to complete and send to the editorial address (together with the paper submitted for publication) the statement available on the journal website:

The editors warn authors against another unethical practice, the so-called salami slicing-up, i.e. the spreading across several articles of research results that could form a single publication. It is also unacceptable to produce non-existent or false data and use it in a publication, known as research fraud.


Rules applicable to reviewers

The editors undertake to ensure proper reviewing principles, i.e. that there is no conflict of interest, through the reviewer's declaration. It occurs when mutual relations between the author and the reviewer, such as direct personal relations (kinship, legal ties, conflict), professional dependence relations, direct research cooperation in the last two years preceding the preparation of the review, are not disclosed.

In addition, scientific articles submitted to the journal editorial board are reviewed by two independent, external reviewers, appointed from the experts in the field of the publication. Reviewing is anonymous and follows a model in which the authors and the reviewer do not know each other's identities (the so-called double-blinded review process). The review process is confidential.

The reviewer should be objective about the article being assessed, be discreet and not criticise the author personally. The reviewer must keep information about the assessment process confidential. Additionally, the reviewer cannot use the contents of the paper for research prior to the publication of the paper.

Detailed information on the review policy can be found at


Additional information

The editors would like to point out that the journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons non-exclusive licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) and distributed in an Open Access electronic version via the UWM Journals Platform (Platforma Czasopism UWM).

If the illustrations or other materials in the above-mentioned article are protected by copyright, the author undertakes to obtain and provide written permission for their use by the publisher and to bear the related costs and indicate the source of the materials in the work.

The author acknowledges that he/she will not be entitled to royalties or any other form of remuneration for the publication of the above work by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warmińsko-Mazurskiego w Olsztynie The author also declares waiving any claims on this account against the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn.