Unity of Russian Society. Importance of Building Social Cohesion for the Security of Russian Federation

Mirosław Minkina

Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities


A sense of unity in any society is a great value. United society is a strong support for rulers and their policies. Public support often legitimizes the actions of rulers. Social unity is built on the basis of shared values and beliefs. The assumed goal of the research is focused on analyzing these categories in the context of their importance for building social unity. Such a goal has led to a question: What is the importance of these categories in building social cohesion for Russians? To solve the indicated problems, theoretical methods were used. Russians are convinced of the uniqueness of their society. This sense of uniqueness affects the sphere of security. It gives rise to their unwillingness to take part in formal alliances and international organizations, if Russia is not in a dominant position. Such views are deeply rooted in the consciousness of Russian society. Simultaneously, Russia airs grievances against the West, claiming that it does not notice its uniqueness.

Słowa kluczowe:

Social solidarity, patriotism, respect for authority, Russian Federation, Russian society

BASISTOV, J. (2010), Na krutykh perevalakh KHKH veka. Ocherki po istorii vtoroy mirovoy voyny [On the Steep Passes of the Twentieth Century. Essays on the History of the Second World War]. St. Petersburg.   Google Scholar

BIAŁOSKÓRSKI, R./KICZMA, Ł/SUŁEK, M. (2019), Potęga Państw 2019 Rankingi potęgometryczne [Power of the States 2019 Potometric rankings]. Warsaw.   Google Scholar

BLACK, B./ KRAAKMAN, R./ TARASSOVA, A. (1999), Russian Privatization and Corporate Governance: What Went Wrong?, In: William Davidson Institute at University of Michigan Business School Working Paper no. 269, 7-20, https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/41203/wp269.pdf (access: 22 XII 2020).   Google Scholar

BRODA, M. (2011), Zrozumieć Rosję? O rosyjskiej zagadce-tajemnicy [Understanding Russia? The Russian Riddle-Mystery] In: http://dspace.uni.lodz.pl/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11089/2722/Broda%20Zrozumie%C4%87%20Rosj%C4%99.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (access: 24 II 2020).   Google Scholar

Business Standard (2016), Russia unveils the first ever monument to Ivan the Terrible. In: https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/russia-unveils-first-ever-monument-to-ivan-the-terrible-116101500010_1.html (access: 19 X 2020).   Google Scholar

BYZOV, L. (2016), Povtorim li pobedy? [Let's Repeat the Victory?]. In: Argumenty i Fakty [Arguments and Facts] 36.   Google Scholar

Dayosh’ narodnoye (2016), Dayosh’ narodnoye. Chto nas obyedinyayet? [Give the People. What Unites Us?] (2016), In: Argumanty i Fakty [Arguments and Facts]. 44(4).   Google Scholar

ERMOLOV, A. (2019), Historical Policy in Modern Russia: Will the Cult of the Great Victory be Able to Keep the Unity of the Society? In: Nauka.me. DOI: 10.18254/S241328880005634-1
Crossref   Google Scholar

Interview (2016), Interview with Russian writer Alexander Prokhanov: Vitaly Tseplyaev, “Gde vykhod iz rasko-la” [Where is the Way Out of the Rift] (2016). In: Argumenty i Fakty, 3.   Google Scholar

KASZUBA, M. (2019), The Militarization of Russian Foreign and Security Policy and Its Possible Impact on In-ternational Security. In: De Securitate et Defensione. O Bezpieczeństwie i Obronności. S(5) 2019, 66-83.
Crossref   Google Scholar

KAZIMIERCZUK, A. (2015), Pod Petersburgiem stanął pomnik Putina [A Monument to Putin Stood Under St. Petersburg]. Rzeczpospolita. In: http://www.rp.pl/artykul/1201737-Pod-Petersburgiem-stanal-pomnik-Putina.html (access: 14 XI 2019).   Google Scholar

KOSTIKOV, V. (2016), Kogda bernotsya schast'ye? [When Does Happiness Come?]. In: Argumenty i Fakty [Ar-guments and Facts]. 44(7).   Google Scholar

KUŁAKOWSKI, T. (2017), Tomasz Kułakowski’s interview with Mikhail Zygar, a Russian journalist, “Putin is a natural phenomenon”. In: New Eastern Europe. 5, 29-37.   Google Scholar

LANSKOY, M./ MYLES-PRIMAKOFF D. (2018), The Rise of Kleptocracy: Power and Plunder in Putin's Russia. In: Journal of Democracy. 29(1), 76-85. 10.1353/jod.2018.0006
Crossref   Google Scholar

MATSUEV, D. (2016), Chto dorozhe nefti? [What is More Expensive than Oil?]. In: Argumenty i Fakty [Argu-ments and Facts]. 36(8).   Google Scholar

MINKINA, M. (2019), Russia’s return to the superpower status. In: Security and Defence Quarterly. 4(26), 34-50. https://doi.org/10.35467/sdq/110335
Crossref   Google Scholar

MUKHAMETGALIEV, F.N./ SITDIKOVA L.F./ MUKHAMETGALIEVA F.F./ SADRIEVA E.R./ AVKHADIEV F.N. (2019), Trends in the Formation of the Current Agrifood Policy of Russia. In: Studies on Russian Eco-nomic Development, 30, 162–165. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1075700719020138
Crossref   Google Scholar

OMELICHEVA, M. (2017), A New Russian Holiday Has More Behind It Than National Unity: the Political Func-tions of Historical Commemorations. In: Australian Journal of Politics and History. 63(3), 430-442. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajph.12375
Crossref   Google Scholar

PALIY, I.G./ KOSINTSEVA J.F./ KLUSHINА N.P./ DUKHINA T.N./ LIPCHANSKAYA (2019), The Unity of Spir-itual Values of Russian Nations as the Common Platform for the Construction of Russian Identity. In: Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques. 7(4), 542-547.   Google Scholar

PAVROZ, A. (2017), Corruption-oriented model of governance in contemporary Russia. In: Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 50 (2): 145–155.
Crossref   Google Scholar

Person (2007), Person of the Year 2007. ‘Putin Q&A: Full Transcript’ Time. In: http://content.time.com/time/specials/2007/personoftheyear/article/0,28804,1690753_1690757_1695787-1,00.html (access: 7 X 2019).   Google Scholar

Putin (2016), Putin metaforyczny [Metaphorical Putin]. In: Polityka. 46, 8.   Google Scholar

Russia’s Daily online (2008), Russia’s Daily online. Middle Class Grows Atop, Kommersant. In: http://www.kommersant.com/p857139/r_500/Middle_class_growth/ (access: 12 VIII 2020).   Google Scholar

RUUTU, K. (2017), The Concepts of State and Society in Defining Russia’s Domestic Political Unity: A Research Note. In: Europe-Asia Studies. 69(8), 1153-1162, https://doi.org/10.1080/09668136.2017.1378621
Crossref   Google Scholar

SERGEYEV, R. (2016), Nakormim mir sakharom [We Will Feed the World with Sugar]. In: Argumenty i Fakty [Arguments and Facts]. 44.   Google Scholar

SOLOVYEV, V./ ZLOBIN, N. (2014), Russkiy virazh. Kuda idet Rossiya? [Russian Turn. Where is Russia Going?]. e-book, .epub: Eksmo.   Google Scholar

Soviet Art (2021), Soviet Art. USSR Culture, Soviet Socialist Realism Artist Fyodor Shurpin. In: https://soviet-art.ru/soviet-socialist-realism-artist-fyodor-shurpin/ (access: 25 I 2021).   Google Scholar

Sputnik International (2008a), Sputnik International. Russia’s economy under Vladimir Putin: achievements and failures. In: http://sputniknews.com/analysis/20080301/100381963.html#ixzz3gFuKDRvR (access: 17 X 2020).   Google Scholar

Sputnik International (2008b), Sputnik International. Russia’s economy under Vladimir Putin: achievements and failures. In: http://sputniknews.com/analysis/20080301/100381963.html#ixzz3gFuKDRvR (access: 17 X 2020).   Google Scholar

STRZELECKI, J. (2017), Bolesna adaptacja. Społeczne skutki kryzysu w Rosji [Painful Adaptation. Social Con-sequences of the Crisis in Russia]. In: Prace OSW. 60.   Google Scholar

SUŁEK, M./ BIAŁOSKÓRSKI R. (2018), Geostrategiczna pozycja Rosji w świetle badań potęgometrycznych [Ge-ostrategic position of Russia in light of powermetric research]. In: M. Niedbała/ Stempień M. (eds.), Pol-ska-Rosja: kryzysy, konflikty, wyzwania [Poland-Russia: crises, conflicts, challenges]. Warsaw, 9-32.   Google Scholar

TELEGINA, N./ MICHAILOVA, A. (2016), Milliardy Domodedovo: kak ustroyen biznes Dmitriya Kamenshchika [Billions of Domodedovo: How is the Business of Dmitry Kamenshchik?] [online] RBK. In: http://www.rbc.ru/business/01/07/2016/575fa73f9a7947e76104a1cd (access: 12 XI 2019).   Google Scholar

The Moscow Times (2017), The Moscow Times. First Monument to Ivan the Terrible Erected in Moscow. In: https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2017/07/26/ivan-the-terrible-erected-in-moscow-a58508 (access:19 X 2020).   Google Scholar

Treaty on Conventional... (1990), Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. In: https://www.osce.org/library/14087 (access: 20 III 2020).   Google Scholar

VITALI, C. (2016), Gde vykhod iz ratskola [Where is the Way Out of the Rift]. In: Argumenty i Fakty [Argu-ments and Facts]. 44(3).   Google Scholar

Wiara.pl (2012), ‘Rosja: nie słabnie poparcie dla Cerkwi’ [‘Russia: Support For the Ortodox Church is Not Weakening’]. In: http://ekumenizm.wiara.pl/doc/1149402.Rosja-nie-slabnie-poparcie-dla-Cerkwi (ac-cess: 14 XI 2019).   Google Scholar

YAKIMCZUK, F. (2016), Voyuyem za ideyu’ [We Fight for an Idea]. In: Argumenty i Fakty [Arguments and Facts]. 36(9).   Google Scholar

Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaTQIV6-98k (access: 7 X 2018)   Google Scholar


Cited By /

Minkina, M. (2021). Unity of Russian Society. Importance of Building Social Cohesion for the Security of Russian Federation. Przegląd Wschodnioeuropejski, 12(2), 225–236. https://doi.org/10.31648/pw.6877

Mirosław Minkina 
Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities