Wokół problematyki kasacji unii kościelnej w latach 30. XIX wieku w obwodzie białostockim (od unickiego parocha do prawosławnego duchownego)

Irena Matus



The process of Union church laicization, after council in Zamoæ, included the clergy, too.
The style of liturgy and casual robes was changed. Priestly and deaconly orders were being in
Latin style. It was happened that wives and daughters of Union priests were Roman Catholics.
There was paid the tithe, but it was not always got to the clergymen. In Bialystok District, that was
territory of ethnic and religion borderland, there were laicization as well as process of exerting an
Polish influences on uniates.
The process of intensive changes in Union church, that caused abolishment of Union and
restitution of Orthodox church, was started about the half of the 30-ies XIX century. Those
changes included the Uniate clergy all levels. The Latin title of a canon was changed on protojerej
title in accordance with the East ritual. The rules of taking holy orders were changed, too. A sys-
tem of rewarding the clergy was implemented in accordance with the east hierarchy.
Liturgy robes of clergy were changed, too. Wearing surplices was prohibited. Priests were
recommended to buy liturgy robes by east rites or to adopted their own chasubles, dalmaticas and
copes. It was not interfered to casual wear of the priests.
Some of the Uniate priests got married to the Roman Catholic girls. In those cases, marriage
was in wifes rites. In 1837 it was prohibited to take holy orders to people, who had got married to
the Roman Catholic girls. The Uniate clergy was in a difficult situation. Its basic source of income
was churchs lands. In mixed religious environment, it could be improved by tithe paid by pari-
shioners to the Roman Catholic priests. In 1828, Senate issued regulation in a case of tithe division
between Roman Catholic and Uniate priests.
The Uniate priests were changed in the Orthodox in 1839, but that process was being for
many years.

Записки Iосифа Митрополита Литовскаго изданыя Императорскою Академiю Наукъ по завещанiю автора. 1883. Типографiя Императорской Академiи Наук Санктпетербургъ.

Киприанович Г.Я. 2006. Исторический очерк православия, католичества и унии Белоруссии и Литве. Миньск: Издательство Белорусского Экзархата.

Орловскiй Е. 1903. Судьбы православiя в связи с исторiею латинства и унiи въ Гродненской губерни въ XIX столетiи (1794-1900). Гродна.

Znosko Aleksy. 1983. Mały słownik wyrazów starocerkiewno-słowiańskich i terminologii cerkiewno-teologicznej. Warszawa: Chrześcijańska Akademia Teologiczna .


Cited By /

Matus, I. (2012). Wokół problematyki kasacji unii kościelnej w latach 30. XIX wieku w obwodzie białostockim (od unickiego parocha do prawosławnego duchownego). Acta Polono-Ruthenica, 1(XVII), 37–50. Pobrano z https://czasopisma.uwm.edu.pl/index.php/apr/article/view/2260

Irena Matus