Origen’s and St. Augustine’s Ideas on Education


Abstract

The article presents Origen’s and St. Augustine’s theories of education. Origen and Augustine were not create a “theories of education” in the literal sense of the term. Plato laid down the traditions of political education. This meant that the philosophical school specialized in rethinking the key meanings of the term “politeia” (πολιτεία), i.e., on the creation of effective models of state and global (= interstate) governance. Governance models were created as copies of the kalos cosmos. State power was seen in them as an opportunity to transform society in accordance with the proclaimed transcendental ideal. The political theories of Plato, Origen, and Augustine were all created in the inextricable unity of the specific discourse and way of life. This fact allowed author to speak about them as theories of education. The philosophical school taught the way of life that followed from the created political theories. In the literal sense, the theories created in the philosophical school are theories of the society transformation in accordance with the understanding of the kalos cosmos and the idea of agathos. In modern terminology, this sounds like “the transformation of society in accordance with the “ideal model” of global sustainable development”.


Keywords

Origen; Origen’s theory of education; Augustine of Hippo; Augustine’s theory of education; Plato; idea of philosophy; the philosophical school; political education Origen; Origen’s theory of education; Augustine of Hippo; Augustine’s theory of education; Plato; idea of philosophy; the philosophical school; political education

Augustine of Hippo, 2007, Confession, Moscow, Dar, http://azbyka.ru/otechnik/Avrelij_Avgustin/ispoved/.

Augustine of Hippo, 1998, The City of God. St. Petersburg: Aletheia, https://azbyka.ru/otechnik/Avrelij_Avgustin/o-grade-bozhem/.

Bazaluk Oleg, 2018, The Feature Transformations of the Basic Meanings of Greek Paideia in the Educational Theories in the Middle Ages, Schole, Vol. 12.1, p. 243–258, https://doi.org/10.21267/AQUILO.2018.12.10428.

Bazaluk Oleg, Balinchenko Svitlana, 2020, The Ethics Laws as a Basis for Building a Cosmic Civilization. The Sofia Republic. Philosophy and Cosmology, Vol. 24, p. 131–139, https://doi.org/10.29202/phil-cosm/24/13.

Bowen James, 2003, A History of Western Education (Volumes 1, 2 and 3), London, Routledge.

Jaeger Werner, 1946, Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture: Volume I: Archaic Greece: The Mind of Athens, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, https://archive.org/stream/wernerjaeger-paideia-the-ideals-of-greek-culture-vol1#page/n1/mode/2up.

Jaeger Werner, 2014, Early Christianity and Greek Paidea, Moscow, Greco-Latin Cabinet by Yu. A. Shichalina.

Hadot Pierre, 1999, What Is Ancient Philosophy? Moscow: Publishing House of Humanities.

Heidegger Martin, 1986, Plato’s Doctrine of Truth. Historical and Philosophical Yearbook, Moscow, Nauka, p. 255–275.

Homer, 1829, Iliad. Translated by Nicholas Gnedich. St. Petersburg, http://rvb.ru/homerus/iliada/toc.htm.

Kant Immanuel, 1966, Works in Six Volumes, Moscow: Mysl’, 1963–1966.

Kharkovshchenko Yevhen, 2019, The Conceptualization of Σοφία in Ancient Greek Philosophy: from Earthly to Cosmological. Philosophy and Cosmology, Vol. 23, p. 139–146, https://doi.org/10.29202/phil-cosm/23/13.

Kretov Pavlo, Kretova Olena, 2018, Symbolism of Auto-Descriptions of Modern Human: Anthropology as a Narrative Ontology. Future Human Image, Vol. 10, p. 29–40, https://doi.org/10.29202/fhi/10/3.

Liddell Henry George, Scott Robert, 1940, A Greek-English Lexicon, Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Marrou Henri-Irenee, 1998, History of Education in Antiquity (Greece), Moscow: Greco-Latin Cabinet by Yu.A. Shichalina.

Okorokov Viktor, 2018, Limits of Thought in the Light of Nature and Divinity. A Return to Ancient Thought or the Quest for the Being of Primordial Thinking in the Later Heidegger, Philosophy and Cosmology, Vol. 20, p. 170–184, http://doi.org/10.29202/phil-cosm/20/17.

Origen, 1985, De Principiis, Translated by Frederick Crombie. Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0412.htm.

Plato, 2020, Republic, Available online: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/searchresults?q=Republic.

Plato, 2020a, Symposium, Available online: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/searchresults?q=Symposium.

Plato, 2020b, Timaeus, Available online: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/searchresults?q=Timaeus.

Platonov Vladimir, 2013, Education as a Sociocultural System: the Methodological Problems of the Theory and History of Education, Moscow: “Russian word – uchebnik”.

Sellars John, 2017, What is Philosophy as a Way of Life? Parrhesia: A Journal of Critical Philosophy, Vol. 28, p. 40–56, https://pure.royalholloway.ac.uk/portal/files/28691384/What_is_PWL_Preprint.pdf.

Shkil Svitlana, Chornomorets Yuriy, 2019, Cosmological Aspect in the Contemporary Ukrainian Theological Discourse: the Controversy of the Phenomenological-poetic and Analytical-philosophical School, Philosophy and Cosmology, Vol. 22, p. 174–180, https://doi.org/10.29202/phil-cosm/22/16.

Terepyshchyi Serhii, Khomenko Hleb, 2019, The Dialectics of Humanism and Pragmatism as a Basis for the Formation of Higher Education Strategy Development, Ukrainian Policymaker, Vol. 5, p. 98–107, https://doi.org/10.29202/up/5/11.

Tytarenko Vadym, 2019, Non-Classical Approach to a History of Philosophy: Modern Status and Research Prospects, Future Human Image, Vol. 12, p. 121–128, https://doi.org/10.29202/fhi/12/11.
Download


Published
2020-12-31

Cited by

Bazaluk, O. (2020). Origen’s and St. Augustine’s Ideas on Education. Studia Warmińskie, 57, 129–141. https://doi.org/10.31648/sw.6010

Oleg Bazaluk 
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1623-419X